Losers pay: Special levies mandatory for NCAT cases

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Listen up all you litigious committee members! We have discovered something via the Flat Chat Forum that should make every strata committee in NSW think long and hard before they take owners to NCAT.

And the question they should be asking themselves is whether or not their position is valid and how their owners are going to feel if they suddenly get a special levy to pay their expenses if they fail.

By law, a losing strata scheme’s expenses must be paid by a special levy so that the owner who won the case doesn’t have to contribute to the action taken against them.

This wrinkle in strata law was revealed when a Flatchatter wrote and asked why he should have to pay a share of a strata manager’s fee for attending the Tribunal hearing when there was no need for the SM to be there.

Then another Flatchatter posted that if the strata scheme lost, the expenses and costs couldn’t be paid out of the strata funds and a special levy had to be raised.

It all goes back to Section 104 of the Act.  So we asked one of our legal sponsors Bannermans Lawyers to give us their opinion.

“If an Owners Corporation is unsuccessful in proceedings, there are different costs consequences that may apply depending on whether proceedings are commenced in the NCAT or the Courts,” a spokesperson said.

“Costs can be categorised into two main types:

  • The Owners Corporation’s costs of the proceedings, including legal costs and expert costs; and
  • The Owners Corporation’s costs of complying with any substantive orders made by the NCAT or the Court including orders to pay damages.

“If the Owners Corporation is unsuccessful in NCAT proceedings against a lot owner, it must raise a special levy, excluding the successful owner from liability to contribute, to fund the Owners Corporation’s costs of the proceedings.

“This is automatic and does not require an order of the Tribunal, pursuant to Section 104 of the Strata Schemes Management Act 2015 (“SSMA”), as extracted below:”

104         Restrictions on payment of expenses incurred in Tribunal proceedings

An owners corporation cannot, in respect of its costs and expenses in proceedings brought by or against it for an order by the Tribunal, levy a contribution on another party who is successful in the proceedings.

An owners corporation that is unsuccessful in proceedings brought by or against it for an order by the Tribunal cannot pay any part of its costs and expenses in the proceedings from its administrative fund or capital works fund, but may make a levy for the purpose.

In this section, a reference to proceedings includes a reference to proceedings on appeal from the Tribunal.

So why would this make a difference to strata committees?  Well, they might think twice before they are tempted to pursue frivolous or vindictive actions against owners, or defend cases where they know they are in the wrong but want to flex their legal muscle.

And that’s because they would have to raise a special levy against everyone except the owner they took to the Tribunal, rather than hide the costs in the general admin accounts. 

As we know, anything that has the words “special levy” attached to it is a guaranteed red flag in most strata schemes.

Questions will be asked, objections will be raised and dubious decisions about taking or defending tribunal action will be exposed.

You can read the original posts HERE and HERE.

If you liked this post or found it helpful, please share it with interested friends using the social media buttons. If you wish to respond, registered readers can add a comment at the foot of the story or, preferably, on the Flat Chat Forum.

3 Replies to “Losers pay: Special levies mandatory for NCAT cases”

  1. Stacky says:

    i’ve just ‘won’ a very expensive 2 year court battle against my OC to have an dilapidated mechanical ventilation system removed from my garage where the fan was beneath my living area and the smoke stack which didn’t meet current standards sealed off in my courtyard.
    [This comments has been converted into this post in the forum where you can read the text in full and respond to it -JT]

  2. Jimmy-T says:

    This has been answered in the Forum

  3. Hobbitville says:

    You stated that
    “By law, a losing strata scheme’s expenses must be paid by a special levy so that the owner who won the case doesn’t have to contribute to the action taken against them.”

    What is the situation if the positions are reversed. i.e. an owner takes NCAT action against the OC.
    As in:
    (1) an owner initially tries mediation, but after failing to get the OC to repair common property that was damaging her lot.
    (2) initiates an NCAT action against the OC,
    (3) the OC defends the action, and during the course of play, pays its ongoing lawyers fees from either the admin or sinking funds, but then
    (4) loses the case, AND possibly
    (5) has to pay legal costs / damages to the owner, and in addition
    (6) do the repairs the owner initially requested.

    Does there have to be a special levy (from which the initiating owner is excused) raised to cover all of the costs, including any lot, as well as common property engineering inspections & physical repairs, as well as all lawyers fees incurred from the start of the complaint / failure of mediation?

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